The move has angered the EU as well as Mexico, who have threatened to retaliate against the US measure. The tariffs come into effect on Friday.
The United States said on Thursday it would impose harsh tariffs on steel and aluminum imports from the European Union, Canada, Mexico at 0400 GMT on Friday – another move sure to anger Washington’s trading partners.
The announcement by Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross was sure to cast a long shadow over a meeting of finance ministers from the world’s Group of Seven top economies that opens later in the day in Canada.
Ross said talks with the EU had failed to reach a satisfactory agreement to convince Washington to continue the exemption from the tariffs imposed in March.
Meanwhile, negotiations with Canada and Mexico to revise the North American Free Trade Agreement were “taking longer than we had hoped” and there was no “precise date” for concluding them, so their exemption also would be removed, Ross told reporters.
The announcement was confirmed by presidential proclamation shortly after Ross addressed reporters.
Despite weeks of talks with his EU counterparts, Ross said the US was not willing to meet the European demand that the EU be “exempted permanently and unconditionally from these tariffs.”
“We had discussions with the European Commission and while we made some progress, they also did not get to the point where it was warranted either to continue the temporary exemption or have a permanent exemption,” Ross said.
Ross downplayed the threats of retaliation from those countries, but said talks could continue even amid the dispute to try to find a solution.
And President Donald Trump has the authority to alter the tariffs or impose quotas or “do anything he wishes at any point” – allowing “potential flexibility” to resolve the issue.
Trump imposed the tariffs of 25 percent on steel and 10 percent on aluminum using a national security justification, which Ross said encompasses a broad array of economic issues.
South Korea negotiated a steel quota, while Argentina, Australia and Brazil have arranged for “limitations on the volume they can ship to the US in lieu of tariffs,” Ross said.
“We believe that this combined package achieves the original objectives we set out, which was to constrict imports to a level to allow those industries that operate domestically to do so on a self-sustaining basis going forward.”
Within hours, Mexico had responded to US steel and aluminum tariffs by imposing wide-ranging “equivalent” measures on farm and industrial products.
The Mexican measures, which target pork legs, apples, grapes and cheeses as well as steel, could hit farm states that are a bastion of support for US President Donald Trump, ahead of American midterm elections in November.
The Mexican measures, announced by the country’s economy ministry will be in place until the US government eliminates its tariffs.
“Mexico profoundly regrets and condemns the decision by the United States to impose these tariffs on imports of steel and aluminum from Mexico,” the ministry said.
“Mexico reiterates its openness to constructive dialogue with the United States, its support for the international commerce system and its rejection of unilateral protectionist measures,” it said.
Mexico buys more steel and aluminum from the United States than it sells. It is the top buyer of US aluminum and the second buyer of US steel, the economy ministry said.
Earlier, French Economy Minister Bruno Le Maire warned before the announcement that the EU would take “all necessary measures” if the US imposed the tariffs.
“World trade is not a gunfight at the OK Corral,” Le Maire quipped, referring to a 1957 western movie.
“It’s not everyone attacking the other and we see who remains standing at the end,” he said, declaring that the stiff taxes would be “unjustified, unjustifiable and dangerous.”
German Chancellor Angela Merkel said the EU would respond in a “firm and united” manner to the tariffs.
“We want to be exempt from these tariffs” which were “not compatible” with World Trade Organization (WTO) rules, Merkel told a press conference with Portuguese premier Antonio Costa in Lisbon.