Female circumcision is not religious but an old custom

By Faarah Ali Duurgube

March 22, 2018  – Certain newspapers newspapers have written articles in which they accused Islam of committing female genital mutilation, which is a custom that has nothing to do with Islam.

One of those newspapers writes:

Islam and with it some of its by-products are on the rise in Germany. One of these side effects is the bloody and completely meaningless ritual of female genital mutilation in women and girls. This vaginal circumcision, or FGM (Female Genital Mutilation), has a long tradition in Islamic countries.

This shows that the writers of such articles have no knowledge of Islam and are simple imputing all evil to Islam.  Such writers must beware of the ethics of journalisms and be objective instead of acting upon their own whims. Islam is not an orally transmitted myth but a written scripture read by every one. Is female genital mutilation an Islamic custom or is it against the Islamic teaching? Before you decide read what the Islamic scholars say about female genital mutilation.

Islam is against all kinds of female circumcisions

FGM predates Islam and it is harmful as well.  Dr. Muhammad Salem Al-Awa stressed that female circumcision is a non-Islamic, destructive custom and that the views of scholars and jurists on it could be only accepted when they are in conformity with the Islamic textual proofs. He says: “Some people wrongly believe that female circumcision came with Islam.  That is a false presumption because Female Genital Cutting predates Islam.  Likewise this practice is not an Islamic custom and has nothing to do with religion though it is practiced by both pagans and people of different religious beliefs such as Muslims and Christians in Egypt”.

An Islamic scholar, Muhammad Ramadan pinpoints:

“Female circumcision is widely practiced for non-religious and non-medical reasons. But being stereotypically bandied about as a religious duty, some societies considered female genital cutting to be part and parcel of Islamic law. This practice does not exist in Saudi Arabia, the centre of the Islamic religion and home of the holiest places of the Islamic world, or in many other Muslim countries including Greater Syria, Iran, and others”.

Another Muslim religious scholar, Sheikh Abdurahman Al-Najar says:

“there is no known Sunnah that mandates female circumcision and for this reason this barbaric custom is not practiced in the Muslim countries where Islamic law prevails such as Saudi Arabia, Iran, Iraq, Syria, Morocco, Libya and others.

Sheikh Shaltut of Al-Azhar University, a prominent scholar, said that female circumcision is neither a religious duty nor a deed embedded in the Sunnah but only an honourable thing for women.

He adds that the Islamic law (Shari’ah) forwarded general principles to be followed such as any act that entails moral or physical harm it is to be forbidden to avert any ensuing damage.

Ibn al-Mundhir says: “There is no report about circumcision that can be relied upon and no chain of transmission that can be followed.”

In some communities, Female Genital Mutilation is valued as a rite of passage to womanhood, as this custom is supported by traditional beliefs and attitudes. Others value it as means of preserving a girl’s virginity until marriage (for instance in Somalia, Sudan and Egypt).

There is no explicit sound text (Quran or Hadith) on which the rule of female circumcision could be based and those who advocate for FGM from an Islamic perspective commonly quote weak Hadiths that cannot be acted upon to argue that this custom is required as part of the Sunnah or Tradition of the Prophet. According to the views of the most Muslim Scholars female circumcision is barbaric custom that has nothing to do with the Islamic teachings.

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